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《垃圾分类正当时》之短视频② 3分钟带你看完垃圾“寻游记”

来源:猛犸新闻·东方今报 2019-07-17 14:25:44
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mengmaxinwen·dongfangjinbaojizhe xiaping/wen shouxijizhe yuanxiaoqiang/tu shipin xiayu/jianji

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城市产生的大量垃圾对现实生活的困扰,是一个全球性问题。在省会郑州,平均日产生活垃圾6500吨,中原福塔钢结构总重量约1.6万吨。换而言之,郑州每2.4天产生的生活垃圾就相当于一个中原福塔。如果按照十吨的垃圾车来清运每天垃圾的话,那就需要650台垃圾车,相当于从东三环排到西三环。

这看似每天都消失无影无踪的垃圾都去哪儿了?79日,记者走访社区、楼宇以及垃圾中转站、末端处置厂还有即将运行的分拣中心,追踪了郑州生活垃圾处置的全过程,为读者寻找答案。

第一条线:通往现在

1

收集

“dudu、dudu……”7yue9ri,zaoshang6dianzhong,zhengzhoushizhongyuanquyigejuminshequneibianshichuleyiliangxiaoxinghuanweilajishouyunche。gongzuorenyuangaosujizhe,xiajishijuminshenghuolajichanshengdegaofengqi,lajiliguaguopiduo,rongyifulanbianzhi,suoyiyaojishishouyun。jizhezhuyidao,shouyuncheshijiagaimibide,cheliangyejingguoleqingxi,danganshilajihunzhuanghouhaishihuipiaochufajiaodesuanfuweidao。

“zheixielajihuibeiyundaonali?”jizhewen。

“yaosongdaolajizhongzhuanzhan,zaineilidengdaijizhongqingyun。”gongzuorenyuanhuida。

juzhengzhoushichengshiguanlijuxiangguanfuzerenjieshao,muqianzhengzhoushiqugongyougudinghuoyidonglajizhongzhuanzhanjin200ge,zhuanmenyongyushouji、jizhongcunfanglaizigegexiaoqudeshenghuolaji,ranhouyoudaxingmibicheliangjinxingqingyun。meigelajizhongzhuanzhanmeitiannenggou“chi”jin40yudunshenghuolaji。

2

焚烧

bushaozhengzhoushimincengzaijietouyudakuaitoudelajiqingyunchecajianerguo,danhenhenduorendoubuzhidaotamenqulenali。jizhegensuiyilianglajiqingyuncheyiluxiangxi,zaiyingyangshijingchenglufujinshiruyizuolajifenshaofadianchang。

“zheilimuqianshizhengzhouweiyitouyongdelajifenshaofadianchang,meitianyueyou2000dunshenghuolajizaichangneibeifenshaofadian,qizhonglaizizhengzhoushiqudeyuezhan75%。”zhengzhouyingjinlvsehuanbaonengyuanyouxiangongsifuzongliliuyongjieshao,tongguofenshaozheixielaji,meitiankeshengchan30wandudianhe800dunreneng,meiniankejieyuetianmaisuoxutudi150mu。

jizhezaizongjiankongshidedapingmushangkandao,shenghuolajibeijizhongqingdaojinlajichi,xingchengyizuozuoxiaoshan,jingguojiyalvshui,youchuansongdaiyunjingaolu,zhihoujingguo400sheshiduzuoyoudegaowenfenshao,shengxiajiaoshaodezhahui。

“gangjianchangshi,fadianchangyudaodezuidanantishi‘chibubao’,erxianzaiwomendeshengchanxianyijingquanmianbaohe,youyulajitaiduo,4taigaoluzhinengzaifeichangjixudeqingkuangxiajinxinglunjianlunxiu。”liuyongshuo。

3

堆山

1500dunlajibeifenshao,haiyoudayue5000dunlajiqulenali?

gensuilingwaiyilianglajiqingyunche,jizhelaidaoweiyuzhengzhounanbudehouzhailajitianmaichang。yijinchangqu,taitouyangwang,yanqianshiyizuojudade“shan”,heiyayade,danmeiyoutaiduoyichangdeqiwei。

“neishiyizuogaoduchaoguo40mideshenghuolajidui,youyudadaoleguidinggaodu,yicaiquzhuanyechuliyongmojiangqiquanbufenggai,kanshangqujiuxiangyizuo‘shan’。”tianmaichangdegongzuorenyuanzhizhebuyuanchushuo,neilihaiyouyizuoguimogengdadelaji“shan”。

suihou,jizhegensuichezilaidaogongzuorenyuankouzhongde“dashan”,yiluwanyanpanzhuan,chezi“pa”zhijulidimian35michu。jizhexiachechuansuozaijitaizhengzaigongzuodeyunshuchehechanchezhijian,manyanshikanbudaotoudegeleilaji,kongqidaochumimanzheechou,cibibukan。

zheilijiushimuqianzhengzhoumeitian5000dunshenghuolajide“quchu”,zaichanchedenianyaxia,lajiyicengyicengdixianghunianhe,zuodengshijianbatamenfulan,yuyuanchufanhuasijindechengshixingchenglexianmingduibi。

4

饱和

houzhailajitianmaichangshiyigejichengshishenghuolajiweishengtianmai、lajishenlvyechuli、lajizhaoqifadianyuyitidedaxingchengshishenghuolajitianmaichang,guihuamianjichaoqianmu,2005niantourushiyong,yujideshiyongnianxianshi20nian,danrujinqueyibaohe。

“zuichutianmaichangmeitianjieshoudelajiyue2000dun,suizhechengshikuangjiadeladaherenkoushuliangdezengjia,shenghuolajideshuliangyeyilugaozhang。changneiyuanyou5getianmaiqu,daojinnian3yuefen,zuihouyigeketianmaidequyuyeyitianman,budeyiyou‘ji’chuyixiaokuaixindetianmaiqu。”gongzuorenyuankouzhongshuodezheigexindetianmaiqujiushijizheqinzidengshandeneizuo“dashan”。

“caijigeyuedeshijian,zheigezhandi20mudetianmaiqujiukuaibaohele。”kanzhebuduan“zhanggao”delaji“shan”,yimingzaitianmaichanggongzuoshijiniandegongzuorenyuanzhikunao,“lajishichengshideyizhongtong,yinggaidedaodajiagengduodeguanzhu。”

5

现在垃圾“堆山”如何防污?

houzhailajitianmaichangxiangguanfuzerengaosujizhe,houzhailajitianmaichangshianzhaoguojiaxiangguanguidingshejijianshede,tianmailajidechangdijunzuoguofangshengelicuoshi,lajitianmaiyangeanzhaoguojiaguidingjishubiaozhuncaozuo,zuizhiguandeshizailajiduifangqusheyoushenlvshuiyinliuhechulixitong,binganzhuangyouzhaoqishoujifadianshebei,yifangmianfangzhiwuran,tongshihaikejinxingzhongshuiyuzhaoqidezailiyong。conglajizhongshenchudeyetijingguoshengwuhechaolv、nalv、fanshentoudenggongyichulihouchanchudezhongshuikeyiyangyujiaohua。

填埋场临近饱和,新产生的垃圾如何堆放?

“muqian,zhengzaishiyongdelajitianmaiqunenggoushiyongdeshijianyikaishiantianjihua,weici,xiangguanbumentiqianzheshoukaipileyichuzhandiyue130mudetianmaichang,yongyuxinchanshenglajidetianmai。”gaifuzerenhuyushiminjinkuaijiarulajifenleideduiwu,jiangnengzailiyongdedongxidengdanduchuzhi,congyuantoujianshaolajifeiqichulidezongliang。

现有的“垃圾山”未来将如何处置?

kandaoyanqianzheiyizuozuode“lajishan”,jizhebuganxiangweilaihuizenyang?

“xianyoudelajiduifangdiweilaijiangjianchenglvsexiuxiandi,zheiyeshijiejianwaidishidejingyan,tongguowuhaihuachulihoujiangdixingzaizao,zhongzhigeleihuacaoshumu,‘tuotai’chengweishimindexiuxiandi。”gaifuzerenjieshao,muqianfanganzhengzaiqianqizhunbeijieduan,weilaihouzhailajitianmaichangjiang“xiaoshi”,querdaizhideshixindechengshijingguan。

第二条线:通往未来

1

垃圾分类 迫在眉睫

“nishishenmelaji?”sheinengxiangdao,zheizhijilinghunshenchudekaowen,youyitianjingchengleshanghaipengyouderichang。errujin,yejiangchengweizhengzhoushimindeshejiaoxinhuati。

yibianshilajitianmaichangmianlinbaohe,lingyibianshimeitiandeshenghuolajirengzaiyuanyuanbuduandichansheng,zheiyangzhibishenghuodejiongjingruhepojie?daanzhiyousigezi“lajifenlei”。

7yue10ri,zaizhengzhoushizhongyuanxiluqifushangdouxiaoqu,juminxuexianshengzhengzaifenleilajifuwutai“shualian”jifen,“cong2017nian10yueqi,xiaoqujiushishilelajifenleishouji,dajiadecanyuduyuelaiyuegao。”

zaozai2017nian,zhengzhoushilieruquanguo46gezhongdianlajifenleishidianchengshizhihou,zhengzhoujiuchutaile《zhengzhoushishenghuolajifenleiguanligongzuoshishifangan(2017~2020nian)》,cihou,bushaoxiaoqudouzuoweishidianxiaoqu,kaishituixinglajifenlei。jiezhidaomuqian,shidianxiaoquyijingdadao1370ge,qietuixingdedouhenbucuo。

“shimindefenleitoufangshilajifenleideqianduan,zuoweilajifenleidezhongduan——fenleishoujihefenleiyunshuyehenzhongyao,weilaizhengzhouxianyoudelajizhongzhuanzhanyejiangzhongxin‘zhuangxiu’。”zhongyuanquchengguanjulajifenleibanzhurenzhangchuanbingshuo,lajifenleihuirangwomendaliangdeshenghuolajibianfeiweibao,shenzhiquanbu“xiaoshi”。

2

分拣中心 让垃圾“无害化、资源化、减量化”

7yue10ri,jizhezaiweiyuzhongyuanquxushuizhendingzhuangcundeshenghuolajifenjianzhongxinkandao,changfangyiluchudimian,gongrenmenzhenghuihanruyujiajinjianshe。jujieshao,zheilishihenanshengshouzuoshenghuolajifenjianzhongxin,chengdanzhelajifenleide“fenleichuzhi”gongneng,jihuajinnian9yueditouyongshiyunxing。

“fenjianzhongxindeqiyongkeshixianduiyifenleitoufangdelajizaihouduanjinxingfenleizhuanyunhefenleichuli,pojieshenghuolajifenlei‘qianfenhouhun’denanti,weizhengzhoushenghuolajichuzhitigongyitiaozhanxindelujing,shixianyoucufangshidaojingxihuadeshengji。”zhangchuanbingjieshao,fenjianzhongxingumingsiyijiushijiangshenghuolajijinxingxihuaqufen,bingcaiqubutongchuzhifangshi,shixianshenghuolaji“wuhaihua、ziyuanhua、jianlianghua”demubiao。

“muqianzhongyuanqushenghuolajifenjianzhongxinzhengzaijinxinglajihouqiziyuanhuadefangansheji,duijinchangdechuyulaji、dajianlaji、yuanlinlaji、feifanglajihekehuishouwujinxingziyuanhualiyong,jianshaohouxufenshaozongliang。”gaifuzerenjinyibujieshi:youshujuxianshi,shenghuolajizhongchaoguo60%shichuyulaji,fenjianzhongxinanzhuangyoujinkouzhuanyeshebei,tongguofenxuan、yazha、tuoshui,kejiangchuyulaji“bian”weifeiliao、ranshaobang、weishengwupeiyangji、gaoranzhifadianfenshaopindengyouyongde“baobei”,qichanshengdezhaoqikeyiyongyufadian,yetikeyichuliweizhongshui,“chiganzhajin”housuoshengdefeiqizhaliaobuduo,yuanyoudelajihuidadajianliang。

“lingwai,boli、jinshu、zhizhang、mutou、suliao、mianmazhipindengyejiangbeifenjianchulaihuishouliyong,yuanyoude‘laji’hainengzaijianzhong。”zhangchuanbingbuchongshuo。juxi,zhengzhouzhengzaijiakuaifenjianzhongxinjianshedejiaobu,yujijinnianniandiquanshi9gezhongxinjiangquanbutouyong。

3

垃圾发电厂 “终结”垃圾山

“lajifadianchangjiang‘zhongjie’lajiduishan,tianmaidechulifangshijiangbeizhubutidaihuoquxiao。”zhengzhoushichengshiguanlijuxiangguanfuzerenbiaoshi,weiyingduichengshishenghuolajiriyizengduodewenti,zhengzhoushizaozaijinianqianjiuyibujuguihuajianshexindelajifadianchang。chuzhengzaiyunxingdeyingyanglajifadianchangwai,yizuorichulinengli4000dundexinxinglajifadianchangyizaizhengzhoudongbuquyujiancheng,bingjihuazaijinqitourushiyong,jieshikeweihouzhailajitianmaichang“jianya”。

gaifuzerenhaijieshao,muqianzhengzhoushizhengzaiquanlituijinguojiazhongxinchengshijianshe,zengqiangchengshigongyongsheshichengzailishiqizhongdezhongyaoneirong。weishiyingchengshifazhan,zhengzhoushiyixuanzhichengqunanbu,jihuakaijianyizuorichulinengli2000dundelajifadianchang;tongshijihuazaichengquxibuzaijianyizuorichulinengli4000dundelajifadianchang,muqiangaichangzhengzaijiajinwanchengxuanzhigongzuo。

gaifuzerenbiaoshi,weilailajifadianchangjiangyufenjianzhongxin“baotuanyunzhuan”,tongguofenjianzhongxindexixuanyujiagong,jinrulajifadianchangde“yuanliao”jiangjuyougaoranzhihegaochundu,wuxushiyongzhuranji,gengyouzhuyutigaodianliangherenengdeshengchan。

4

垃圾分类呼吁全民“分一分”

“fenjianzhongxinyulajifadianchang‘baotuan’jiangshenghuolajijianlianghua、wuhaihua、ziyuanhua,bingzuizhong‘chidiao’suoyoudewuhailaji,danzuiguanjiandeqiantiyuhuanjiezaiyulajidefenleishouji。”zhengzhoushishenghuolajifenleigongzuotuijinlingdaoxiaozubangongshizhurenwangfushenqiangdiao,bansuifenjianzhongxinyulajifadianchangdeluxutouyong,duilajifenleishoujideyaoqiuhuisuizhitigao。zhiyouconglajifenleishoujizuoqi,shenghuolajicainengjinruxindechulichengxu,“lajishan”caiyoukenengxiaoshi。

因此,他呼吁全民参与垃圾分类,共同助力生活垃圾新的处理路径形成“闭环”,“垃圾分一分,生活美十分”!

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