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《垃圾分类正当时》之短视频④全面推行垃圾分类,郑州还要闯几关

来源:猛犸新闻·东方今报 2019-07-17 14:30:46
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mengmaxinwen·dongfangjinbaojianxijizhe wanglin/wen shouxijizhe yuanxiaoqiang/tu shipin shixisheng zhaojunge/jianji

核心提示:垃圾分类,对垃圾减量化与绿色发展不是小事儿,但对大多数中国人而言也不是新鲜事儿。从2000年在全国一些地方推行,到19年后仍然在一些试点城市推进缓慢,很多人对各种垃圾依然“傻傻分不清”。

sheidouzhidaolajifenleishihaoshi,dancongguannianrentongdaoxingdongshishi,conglijiedaozhichidaozhudongcanyu,rengyoumanzhangguocheng。erjijiangjinru“lajifenleiqiangzhishidai”dezhengzhouyouyounaxieluyaozou?cong“yaowofen”dao“woyaofen”,zhengzhougairuhepojiezheidaobikao“nanti”?

探究一:全国由点及面19年逐步推进,为何城市群众获得感不强?

zaozai2000nian,quanguolajifenleigongzuojiuyiqidong,you8geshidianchengshi,dao26geshifanchengshi(qu),zaidao46gezhongdianchengshi,lajifenleigongzuoyoudianjimianzhubutuijin。2017nianzhengzhouyeburulajifenleide“dajun”。2018nianchu,zhujianbuyinfatongzhi,yaoqiu2018nian3yuediqian,46gezhongdianchengshiyaochutaishenghuolajifenleiguanlishishifanganhuoxingdongjihua。2019nianqi,quanguodijijiyishangchengshiquanmianqidongshenghuolajifenleigongzuo。

cengyoumeitibaodao,muqian,quanguozongtidelajifenleifugaifanweihaihenyouxian,yixiechengshirengtingliuzaijichucengmian,xianxingde46gezhongdianchengshijinzhanquanguochengshishuliangde7%zuoyou,tongshizhei46gezhongdianchengshidejinzhanbupingheng,youdechengshiqunzhongzailajifenleifangmiandehuodeganbingbuqiang。

“zhixiaolvdi、toufangzhunquelvdi、ziyuanliyonglvdishilajifenleidesanda‘lanluhu’。”yiweicongshizhihuilajifenleichuligongzuodeshiminzhaoxianshengbiaoshi,lajibufenlei,yanxiaqingsong,danzhangqideshengtaihuanjing、tudiziyuanchengbenbukeguliang,zheizhongchengbenyidingshiquanshehuigongdande。yezhengshizaizheigeyiyishang,xianglajifenleizheiyangdegonggongzhengceguigendaodishiyizhongyouguanfazhande“hesuan”:zenyangdetourushiyouxiaode?zenyangdeqianhouduanfengongcainengchansheng“zhengxiaoying”?zenyangnengrangshehuichengbenzuidi?zheixiedouyaojingguoshijianmanmantansuo。

探究二:推进生活垃圾分类,郑州还有哪些难题需要解决?

“ninjuedezaizhengzhouquanmiantuixinglajifenlei,zhuyaomianlindekunnanshishenme?lajifenlei,ninqiwangyongnazhongyindaofangshi?”7yue14ri,jizhebawentipaojileyiweizhengjianghewandeyinliaobeirengjinlajitongdenvshi。“tigaodajialajifenleideyishi,zhiqiandajiayijingxiguanlefangzaiyiqidiudiao,turanfenkaihenbuxiguan,erqiedajiayebuzhidaozhengzhoujutidefenleibiaozhun”tahuidadao。

henanlvsezhongyuanhuanjingbaohuxiehuilvzonglajifenleixiangmufuzerenkuangjietanyan,congquanguolaikan,zhengzhoutuixinglajifenleishifanyingbijiaokuaideyibo,danfenleishidianshuliangshangdezengzhangyuzhiliangshangdetigaoshibupipeide。lajifenleibushi“duanpingkuai”xiangmu,tatebiexuyaoyirenzhenwushidetaidushenruyanjiu、shenkelijielajiwentidechengyin,conggenyuanshangliqingxianghujiujiedegezhongyinsu,caikenengduizhengxiayao、yaodaobingchu。

zhengzhoushichengshiguanlijuxiangguanfuzerenwangfushentanyan,muqianzaizhengzhouquanmiantuixinglajifenlei,zhuyaodewentihenantijiushixuanchuanfadongbudaowei。juminshenghuolajifenleideyishixuyaotigao,meiyoupubianyangchenglajifenleideyishi。duoshurenhaishianzhao“bianli、suiyi”dexiguansuiyihunhetoufang。qici,moduandechulinengliyeshishishihaoshenghuolajifenleidejichuheguanjian。congfenleitoufang、qingyun、chulidengtixidouxuyaojinyibuwanshan,xingchengyigewanzhengdebihuan,zhenzhengdezuodaolajichulidejianlianghua、wuhaihua、ziyuanhua。

“zhengzhoushilajifenleinantizaiyujiakuaijingmaichanyeyuanjianshe。yinjinjingmaichanyezuihaoyouzerenrenjimingquedezerendanbao。”kuangjiejianyi,zhengfushouquqiyegaoededanbaojin,dabudaochengnuoxiaoguoyaorenzhenjinxingzerenzhuijiuyujingjichufa。

探究三:市民的垃圾分类意识是重点也是难点,将来如何提高?

“zaoshangshangbanqianrenglajishi,meitiandouyouchuanlvmajiadedayetixingwolajiyaofenlei。gangkaishizongshijibuzhu,meiyouzheigeyishi,beitixingdeduole,xianzaidoufenlei。”zaijizhejitianlaidejiecaizhong,shiminxunvshicheng“beitixing”gaibianletafenleilajidexiguan。

erzaizoufangzhongyuanqutongbolu191haoyuanshi,jizhefaxianyougefangfajishoujuminhuanyingqiexiaoguomingxian。“zhiqianjuedelajifenleitingmafande,zhuyaoshipingshiyemeishijian,danshixiaoqulishezhilezheigeleisizhuoyoudeyouxi,peihaizilaiwan,lejiededuole,juedehaishitingyoubiyaode,xianzaijialidelajidoushifenleitoufangde。”juminlinvshizaipeinverwanyikuanlajifenleidetoufangyouxishishuodao,chengxianzainverxuexiaoyezaitichanglajifenlei,6suidenverzaijialiyanranshigexiaoxiaojianduyuan。

jizhekandao,zheikuanyouxidekapianhuaderichangshenghuolajiyoujishizhong,xiaopengyoumenbabutongdelajifenleitoufangdaobutongdelajitongli,youxijieshutamenjiukeyidedaoyixieqianbi、caibizhileidewenjuzuoweijiangpin。

“tuijinlajifenleihaishiyaoxiangshiminzuohaoxuanchuanpujiba,lajiyaozenmefen,fenleihoudelajizuizhongqulenali、ruhezailiyong,jiangqidaonaxieshengtaixiaoyinghehuanjingxiaoying,womenlejielezheixiezhihou,yehuiganjuezijidexingweishiyouyiyide,caihuizhudongyuanyiquzuo。”38suideshiminzhaoxianshengdehuayinqilehenduorendegongming。

kuangjieyebiaoshi,lajifenleixuyaoshenrujinxingshehuidongyuan,kaidongsuoyoudexuanchuanjiqiweilajifenlei“saoqingzhangai、kaipidaolu”。yigeyouzhongrenzhizaodewentibiranyaozhongrendongshoucainengjiejue。youqianti、youjizhi、youshuoli、youbanfa,shimindelajifenleiyishijianlishifenfenzhongdeshi。

探究四:科技为垃圾分类“赋能”,成为破解难题的“新武器”

shuazhinengka、anxiafeizhifenleikoudeanniu,jiangdabaohaodegezhongfeijiubaozhuangzhitoufangruxiang、zidongchengzhong、jifenruka……jinnian62suidelaotaitaicaozuoxiaoqumenkoudezhinengkehuishoulajifenleixiangyiqihecheng。tagaosujizhe,zijidekashangganggangyouduole130duofen。

“guanfangchuyigeappwokendinghuixiazai,buzhidaozenmefenleideshihou,yishurulajimingzihuozheyishangchuanlajizhaopianlimaxianshizhengquedaan,ruguozaijiashangdiulajidingshitixinggongnengjiugenghaole。”shiminwuxianshengrenwei“haocaozuo”shizhengzhouweilaituixinglajifenleideguanjian。

zhihuilajifenleichulixitongyunyingshangfuzerenwunvshizhenduitongbolu191haoyuandelajifenleixiangjizhejieshao,juminshiyongde“hulianwang lajihuishou"zhinengshebei,meihuyouyizhangzhinengka,diulajishishuakahuosaomakaixiang,fenmenbieleiditoufang。zhinenglajitonghuijinxingzidongchengzhong,meicitoufangwanhou,jumindezhinengkazhonghuiyouxiangyingdejifen,keyiduihuanshenghuoriyongpin。houtainenggouxiangxidetongjidaojuminlajifenleidegezhongshuju,yonghulajifenleiqingkuang、meiyuekehuishoulajifenleizongliang、toufangfangshizhanbi、yonghucanyudupincifenxi、toufangshijianduanfenxideng,shenzhilianyonghuduihuanlipindepianhaodouyimuleran。

zaizoufangzhong,jizhefaxianhenduoxiaoqudelajifenleigongzuoyijingyuelaiyueyoujishuhanliang。shoujiyingyongshangdianzhenduilajifenleidegezhongapp、xiaochengxudengcengchubuqiongbingriyigaijin,ranghenduomianduilajifenleibuzhisuocuodejuminyoule“biaozhundaan”,bingtongguojifenduihuandengfangshixiyinjuminzhudongcanyu。

julejie,duoshudiqumuqianzaizhongduanketongguodashujushixianduilajipinlei、didian、shuliangdeshishijiankong,zaimoduanyekeyiranglajiliuxiangjiziyuanhualiyongleruzhizhang,hulianwang+zhinengzhengzaichengweipojielajifenleinantideyixiang“xinwuqi”。

探究五:政策推行要给公众留出适应空间,更要一鼓作气、果断坚决

   duizhengzhoudelajifenleihuiyoushenmeyangdexinqidai?

kuangjiedehuidazhiyouliugezi,“haohaozuo,zuodehao。”tatanyan,lajifenleiqishishibeishuiyizhandeyichangyingzhang,womendeziyuanhuanjingfuzaidouburongxuzheichangyingzhangshibai。tashiguanwomenshengtaiwenmingzhuanxingshibushinenggouchenggong。zailajifenleizheigeliantiaoshangdemeiyifenzi,wulunshizhengfu、qiye、minzhong、minjianzuzhi,douxuyaofahuigeziyoushi,weizheichangyingzhangtigongzhulierbushizuli。

zhengzhoushichengshiguanlijuxiangguanfuzerenbiaoshi,chuletigaoguangdashimindelajifenleiyishi,wanshanxiangguanfalvtixiyeshibibukeshaode。shanghaishenghuolajifenleiguanlitiaolideshishi,yiweizhelajifenleizaiwoguoyijingbeinarufazhitixi。gedituixinglajifenleizuijuweishelide“wuqi”yiranshifakuan。zhengzhouyejijiangzaijinniande9yuedichutaixiangguanzhengce,danshifakuanbushimude,zhishiweileyindaominzhonggenghaodezhixinglajifenlei。

一位多年从事政务工作的宋先生也积极表示,出台政策虽然划出一道硬杠杠,但立法的过程本身就是酝酿探讨的过程,也是形成共识的过程。政策形成过程要有吸收接纳,也要循序渐进,给公众留出适应时间;但推进过程要一鼓作气、果断坚决,不能在反复、犹疑中消磨公众参与的热情。像垃圾分类这样大方向上看准了的事,形成共识后要考虑的就是如何在操作层面务实地展开。

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